Mary Gallagher, MD, Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology, Temple University School of Medicine, discusses pain management.

References and Resources
Bethea AR, Acosta MC, Haller DL. Patient versus therapist alliance: Whose perception matters? 2007 Dec 13; (1)13-23.

National Institute of Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health. Pain, opioids, and addiction: an urgent problem for doctors and patients. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother. 2007;21(4):45-9.

Edlund MJ, Sullivan M, Steffick D, Harris KM, Wells KB. Do users of regularly prescribed opioids have higher rates of substance use problems than nonusers? Pain Med. 2007 Dec;8(8):647-56.

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