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Study Seeks Out Strategy to Reduce Hospital Infections

A new study in The New England Journal of Medicine investigates the effectiveness of several infection prevention strategies in a hospital setting.  “Hospitals were randomly assigned to one of three strategies, with all adult ICUs in a given hospital assigned to the same strategy. Group 1 implemented MRSA screening and isolation; group 2, targeted decolonization ; and group 3, universal decolonization … In the intervention versus baseline periods, hazard ratios for bloodstream infection with any pathogen in the three groups were 0.99 , 0.78, and 0.56, respectively (P<0.001 for test of all groups being equal).” The greatest reduction in the rate of all bloodstream infections was seen in the universal decolonization group.

Read it in NEJM.