WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Gilead Science Inc’s Quad pill appears to be effective at controlling HIV infection but could lead to kidney problems, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration staff report said on Wednesday.
Quad combines the experimental integrase inhibitor elvitegravir and boosting agent cobicistat with Truvada, which consists of Gilead’s older HIV drugs Emtriva (emtricitabine) and Viread (tenofovir).
The regulators said the four-drugs-in-one treatment has a generally acceptable safety profile. But they found evidence of disproportionate numbers of adverse renal events among test subjects that may need to be monitored.
They also cautioned that safety measures for women could be limited because only a small number of women were tested.
The staff document will be scrutinized on Friday by an FDA panel of outside experts whose recommendations will be considered when the agency decides whether to approve Quad. A final decision is expected by Aug. 27.
Foster City, California-based Gilead is asking the FDA to approve Quad for use in HIV-infected patients who have not received any other treatment.
Company research showed that after 48 weeks of treatment, 88% of patients receiving Quad achieved target levels of HIV, compared with 84% of patients who took Atripla, a once-daily pill that combines Truvada with Bristol-Myers Squibb’s Sustiva (efavirenz).
No more than 12% of test subjects were women, prompting staff to note that knowledge about the drug’s safety for female HIV patients may be limited.
FDA staff said the Quad patients were more likely to experience adverse kidney events, including alcohol poisoning and renal failure. They noted that one of Quad’s components, tenofovir, was previously shown to be associated with new or worsening kidney problems in some patients.
FDA staff asked Friday’s advisory committee to comment on Quad’s safety profile, given the potential for kidney problems, including the need for further monitoring and post-marketing studies to further define risks and optimal use.
Gilead has proposed steps to address kidney-related issues. The company recommended that kidney function be tested before treatment and that the Quad be withheld from patients suffering renal impairment or discontinued for those who develop problems after beginning treatment.