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Free CME

HIV can be prevented in high-risk individuals, such as those whose partners are infected, with the implementation of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP). In this CME video series, experts will explain the scope of the problem of HIV infection, how to effectively use screening tools for identifying HIV infections in patients, and the roll that PrEP can play in preventing the spreading of infection.

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Diabetic Diet

According to Reuters, a small study published in Diabetologia has found that large breakfasts and smaller dinners may prove healthier for type 2 diabetics. Study participants who followed such a regimen experienced fewer high blood sugar episodes. Participants followed a diet consisting of large breakfasts and light dinners for six days, spent a day at the clinic, and then two weeks later tried a diet of small breakfasts and large dinners. The results demonstrated that such a diet yielded post meal glucose levels 20 percent lower, and insulin levels 20 percent higher than when patients ate whatever size meals they chose. One doctor likened these findings to the age old advice to eat breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince, and dinner like a pauper.

Read the article published by Reuters.

Read the study published in the journal Diabetologia.

Vaccine Debate

According to Reuters, vaccine refusal may become a lot more difficult after the recent measles outbreak that started in Disneyland. Both Democratic and Republican lawmakers in 10 states are advocating for legislation that would make vaccine exemptions much more difficult to obtain, with approaches varying from completely eliminating religious and philosophical exemptions to requiring schools to post immunization rates. Polls show that 80 percent of Americans believe all children should be vaccinated, but their is still some strong opposition. Many “anti-vaxers” believe vaccines can cause autism, while others simply oppose the government intruding on parental decisions. Legislators say the laws they are proposing have been receiving a lot of support and may be voted on in a matter of weeks or months.

Read the article published by Reuters.

Pediatrics & Caffeine

istockphoto.com/struki

According to CBS News, a study published in the Journal of Human Lactation has found that approximately 15 percent of two year olds in the Boston area drink as much as four ounces of coffee a day. While no guidelines exist on coffee consumption for children, studies have revealed a link between coffee, caffeine, and a variety of health issues such as childhood obesity, depression, type 1 diabetes, and sleep disturbances. This study concentrated solely on the Boston area, but previous research has found that almost 63 percent of American children under age five consume caffeine on a daily basis, mostly from drinking sodas.

Read the article published by CBS News.

Read the study published in the Journal of Human Lactation.

Changing the Clocks

MGN

With daylight saving time looming upon us, many health concerns arise due to the loss of sleep and disruption of sleep pattern, CBS News reports. A study published last year in the journal Open Heart found that the number of heart attacks increased by 25 percent the day after the time change. Doctors recommend taking extra caution while driving due to the fact that sleep deprivation is a major cause of road accidents. Most importantly, make sure not to overdo the exercise. Many people are less active during the winter months, and it is important to get back into a workout routine slowly as pushing too hard can exacerbate underlying heart disease.

Read the article published by CBS News.

Read the study published in the journal Open Heart.